Pneumonia disrupts healthy lungs through an infection caused by a virus, fungi, or bacteria, and is spread through sneezing, coughing, breathing, and touching — even those who are asymptomatic can spread pneumonia.
Pneumonia manifests as inflamed alveoli (lung sacs) that fill with pus or fluid, making it increasingly more difficult to breathe because of the lack of oxygen that is unable to circulate the bloodstream.
Pneumonia is a very serious infection that needs to be treated immediately.
Pneumonia can affect anyone, but the two highest-risk groups include children two years old and younger and seniors 65 and older. With a compromised immune system, pneumonia occurs with the breakdown of your natural defenses to allow bacteria, fungi, and infection to attack and multiply in the lung tissue.
To defend healthy lung tissue, white blood cells are released — as a result of the infection and accumulation of white blood cells, breathing may become difficult.
Pneumonia is the leading cause of hospitalization in both adults and children
Pneumonia can be life-threatening to people 65 and older
Pneumonia is highly contagious
It may take a few weeks to fully recover from pneumonia
The three common pneumonia causes include:
Pneumonia symptoms can range from being very mild to life-threatening, so it’s crucial to monitor any symptoms you’re experiencing, including: